What types of stocks are on the market?

In addition to knowing what stocks are, to invest in this market it is essential to know each of its types. Therefore, before buying, evaluate each category and see which is more in line with your goals.

Ordinary actions

Also known as ON shares , these assets give the investor voting power, allowing him to participate in meetings and have a voice in the company’s decisions. In addition, the shareholder is also entitled to receive dividends and other earnings, in accordance with the organization’s policy.

Another interesting guarantee is the so-called tag along . This means that if the control of the company is sold, the investor receives at least 80% of the sale value. Always, of course, in proportion to the number of shares he holds.

Preferencial acts

Those who invest in preferred shares (PN) are entitled to a larger share of the profits paid by the company, in addition to receiving the proceeds before other shareholders. On the other hand, these bonds do not offer voting power, only priority in the return of the amount invested in the event of bankruptcy or change of control of the company.

This type of asset tends to have greater liquidity on the Stock Exchange, that is, it is easier to find interested parties in buying and selling. This can simplify trading, especially for beginners and small investors.

blue chips

Blue chips are bonds issued by companies that usually move large amounts of money on a daily basis on the Stock Exchange. In the domestic market, some of the best known are those of Petrobrás, Banco do Brasil, Ambev and Vale.

Because they are linked to solid companies, these stocks tend to be favorites in day trades, where the buying and selling of bonds takes place on the same day.

Mid Caps

Mid caps are shares of medium-sized companies, which move expressive values ​​on the Stock Exchange, but not as high as blue chips. Depending on the title, it may have a higher upside potential than that of large companies’ shares.

Small caps

Small caps are assets of companies with smaller capitalization, that is, that have less liquidity. In this case, prices tend to undergo sudden fluctuations, both up and down.

They are known by investors as cheap and high-risk stocks, which can bring huge profits or losses. Therefore, those who invest in these bonds must study the market and the company in which they are putting their money.


Units are stock packages composed of assets of different types, such as 2 common and 2 preferred, for example.

This type of financial product usually has good chances of appreciation and guarantees the investor the receipt of earnings. Therefore, it is worth making an assessment and including them among your applications, if they are in accordance with your goals.

How to invest in stocks to build equity?

Before studying what stocks are, many people think that investing in these assets is complex. But actually, this can be quite simple.

The best known way to trade these securities is through the Home Broker , an online environment where trading is carried out on the Exchange. Just open an account at a brokerage firm , access the platform and issue buy and sell orders according to your strategy.

Another good alternative to make money from stocks is by joining a private pension plan . In this case, you will have the support of an expert who will help you build a profitable portfolio.

Every private pension fund has a manager responsible for developing an investment strategy. This plan can be bold or conservative , depending on your investor profile.

If your profile is conservative, the manager will invest your contributions in fixed-income securities, which have less risk and more modest, but stable yields.

For those with a bold profile, the manager can indicate a stock-based pension fund. This modality consists of a portfolio of diversified variable income assets , which can leverage the returns on building your equity.

There is also the possibility of investing in multimarket funds , which have a strategy that takes into account the medium and long-term macroeconomic context. In this option, the manager is free to combine fixed income securities, foreign exchange, shares and other financial products.

It is worth emphasizing that the pension fund manager, whatever the modality chosen, is an experienced professional who will always seek the most profitable option for the plan, according to the participant’s profile.

Investing in this way is a great alternative for those who want to invest in shares and do not have much practice, being able to count on the support of an expert who understands the market.

Now that you know what stocks are and how they can expand your wealth, how about putting everything you learned into practice? Keep studying about the subject, evaluate the best options to start investing and go ahead! The sooner you kick off, the better your results will be.

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